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列清单 (3) Making Lists (3)


RUTH: Welcome to another programme in the series 'Say It Again'. My name is Ruth and once more Bela is with me. Welcome, Bela.

BELA: Hello Ruth. It's good to be here with you.

RUTH: Each week on 'Say It Again', there is something more to learn about the English language. Today it's the story of Frank Amadi. Frank was in prison sharing his cell with two Nigerian Christians. One morning, Frank woke very depressed and began to read a book his cellmates had given to him. Frank's story is being read by Andrew Fewster.

Story Testimony

I shared a prison cell in Hong Kong with two other Nigerians. They would wake up in the mornings and start to pray. I had never believed in God and so I never used to bother praying. When I woke up, I reached for my cigarettes. My chain smoking made me a nuisance to my cell mates. Although they didn't complain, their reactions each time I lit a cigarette expressed their dislike and discomfort. In the evenings they read the Bible, while I slept.

Although I knew that God existed, I never believed in the Word of God. One of my cellmates, Andy, would go to any lengths to defend the Word of God. He gave me a small book to read. He told me he got it from a Christian visitor to the prison. When I first had a look at the book, it was like water off a duck's back - I read it without any interest.

But one morning I woke up completely depressed, dejected and disheartened. Reluctantly, I picked the book up and started to read it. The book was a series of daily readings. I got to day three - the piece was taken from Psalm 50, which says "God said, call upon me in the day of trouble; I will deliver you, and you will honour me." For the first time in thirty-three years, I opened the Bible to see if what I had read in the other book was right. I didn't think it was true. My friends were very surprised when they saw me reading the Bible. Andy told me to believe what it said; he said it wasn't a matter of trying, but of believing the Bible. Similarly, for the first time, I knelt down to pray to God, with the assurance that God could help me out of my troubled life.

I now know that God loves me; and I seek to help other people find God's love for them.

RUTH: Have you been listening to the last few programmes of 'Say It Again?' If you have, you'll know that we've been practising making lists. Practising non-countable nouns, and also phrases we use when suggesting something to someone. In today's programme, there'll be a chance for you to practice each of these. Let's start with making lists. First, let's remind ourselves of the list of fresh fruit that Grace and Jim made.

Conversation

RUTH: So Bela, that's Grace's and Jim's list. How about you making a list of your favourite animals?

BELA: Alright! My favourite animals are pandas, bears, horses and tigers.

RUTH: I'll repeat Bela's list, then why don't you say it again after me with her? 'Pandas, bears, horses and tigers.'

BELA: 'Pandas, bears, horses and tigers.'

RUTH: You could make making lists into a game with your friends. Start with your favourite animal, colour or food. And then your friends could all add one by one their favourite item to the list. Bela and I will show you what I mean. I'll start and say my favourite colour - 'red'. Bela, add your favourite colour saying mine first.

BELA: 'Red and blue.'

RUTH: Now I'll add another colour. 'Red, blue and pink.' Your turn, Bela, add another colour.

BELA: 'Red, blue, pink and green.'

RUTH: Then I could add another colour, and so it goes on. Always remember that when it's your turn to add something to the list you use the word 'and'.

RUTH: In the last programme, we talked about 'non-countable' nouns. Ones that we practised were 'fruit', 'rice', and 'meat'. 'Bread' is also a non-countable noun. With each of these nouns - fruit, rice, meat and bread, they suggest that there is more than one thing. So if I use the word 'fruit' in a sentence, I could be meaning 'many different types of fruit.' So I'd say, 'Let's go to the market for some fruit.' Why don't you say that sentence again with Bela?

BELA: 'Let's go to the market for some fruit.'

RUTH: I could also say, 'Let's go to the market for some meat.'

BELA: 'Let's go to the market for some meat.'

RUTH: There's another word game you could play with your friends. You could say, 'Let's go to the market for some fruit.' And then your friends would suggest different types of fruit you could buy. You would answer, 'I'll buy...' We practised shortening the 'I will' to 'I'll' in an earlier programme. Bela and I will practice for you. 'Let's go to the market for some fruit.'

BELA: 'Will you buy bananas?'

RUTH: 'I'll buy bananas.'

BELA: 'Will you buy apples?'

RUTH: 'I'll buy apples.'

BELA: 'Will you buy peaches?'

RUTH: 'I won't buy peaches.' You could play the same game with meat. And see how many different types of meat you can think of.

RUTH: The last phrase I want us to practice today is one I used earlier in the programme. It was when we were starting to make lists. I said to Bela, 'How about you making a list of your favourite animals?' 'How about' is a phrase we use when you are suggesting something to someone. Listen to this conversation between Grace and her brother Paul. Listen out for them using the phrase 'how about.'

Conversation

RUTH: So, Bela, did you hear the phrase 'how about' being used?

BELA: Yes, Ruth, I did. Grace suggested, 'How about a fruit salad?' She also said, 'How about a fresh pineapple?'

RUTH: That's right. Paul also used the phrase later. He said, 'How about chopping up some carrot with it?' I'll never put carrot in my fruit salad. Would you?

BELA: No Ruth, I wouldn't.

RUTH: Did you hear the phrase 'how about' near the end of their conversation?

BELA: Yes, I did. Paul said, 'How about getting a birthday cake?' I really liked that part of the conversation. Paul sounds a really good kind brother.

RUTH: Over the last few 'Say It Again' programmes, we've talked a lot about food. Do you remember the packets game? Lee Kee and Leslie played it a few programmes ago. Leslie gave Lee Kee a container and she had to put something in it. Let's try again. Bela, if I give you the container 'bottle', can you give me a sentence using that word?

BELA: A bottle of Sprite.

RUTH: That's a lemonade drink, isn't it?

BELA: Yes it is.

RUTH: My next container is 'box'. Bela, what would you buy in a box?

BELA: This is something very useful. A box of washing powder.

RUTH: There were seven containers that Lee Kee and Leslie practised. Let me say them for you again - 'Bottles, tins, cartons, packets, cans, bags and boxes'. Remember Leslie also said that when referring to Coca-Cola, you buy it in 'cans'. That's all we have time for today. Grace will be here with me next week. She'll be talking about markets. One special market she'll be talking about is 'Covent Garden Market' in the centre of London. Grace and I hope you'll join us then. But for today, good bye from Bela and me.

BOTH: Goodbye.

[ mp3 ]
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